RLOs available for use

The table below lists RLOs developed by the School of Health Sciences that are currently available for use by staff and students. Click on the RLO title to use the RLO, or click on the information icon for further information. There are far more RLOs 'in the pipeline' than are currently online - to view these, use Browse and Search.

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NB: Most RLOs have audio narrations, so please make sure to have headphones or speakers connected to your computer. The RLOs will run ok without audio output, but they'll not be as interesting and/or entertaining.

Copyright and Terms of Use for RLOs

183 RLOs available for use
Title Description Subject(s) Detail
ACCE The ACCE framework is a helpful model in order to emphasise the key components of a genetic test evaluation. The guiding principle of the ACCE framework is that the evaluation of genetic tests should be an integrated approach including all domains. Genetics View further information on this RLO.
Acids, Alkalis and Bases: an Introduction Defining and explaining acids, bases, and alkalis, from an ionic standpoint, and introducing the pH scale. Chemistry View further information on this RLO.
Acids, Alkalis and Bases: Further Application Examining the operation and application of acids, bases and alkalis, including neutralisation, acid/base reactions, and salts. Chemistry View further information on this RLO.
Action of drugs that target carriers This learning resource introduces carriers as a target for drug action and describes how carriers function and how drugs utilise these carriers. Biological processes, Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Action of drugs that target enzymes To describe how enzymes function and how drug inhibitors block this action. Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Action of drugs that target ion channels This learning resource introduces ion channels as target for drug action. Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Advanced literature searching How to construct literature search enquiries using the thesaurus, focus or explode your search, use the search term taxonomy to refine your search and combine these methods into an advance search protocol. Study skills View further information on this RLO.
Alcohol as a public health issue This learning resource will increase your knowledge and understanding of how alcohol impacts on public health in a physical, psychological and social way. Healthcare (general), Healthy Living View further information on this RLO.
Alcohol Identification and Brief Advice This learning resource introduces the concept of IBA (Identification and Brief Advice) and demonstrates the importance of communication skills and an informal approach when using AUDIT and delivering brief advice. Healthcare (general), Healthy Living View further information on this RLO.
An introduction to receptor pharmacology To describe the different types of receptor which drugs target. Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Aseptic Non-Touch Technique Introduces the concept of ANTT, used to prevent infection during clinical procedures; includes a video demonstration. Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Asking the right question This RLO outlines why asking the right question can help in the search for evidence, and explains how to construct good questions using the PICO technique. EBP, Research methods View further information on this RLO.
Atomic Bonding Examining ionic, covalent and mixed bonding in atoms. Chemistry View further information on this RLO.
Baby first! A resource designed to help healthcare professionals to support families over the first important year of life when their baby has an intellectual disability. Learning disabilities, Midwifery View further information on this RLO.
Bacteria and viruses compared Introduces and compares the structural components associated with bacteria and viruses by allowing users to "build" their own. Biological processes, Science basics View further information on this RLO.
Bioavailability Introduction to the concept of the bioavailability of drugs. Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Birth Prevalence This RLO explores the concept of birth prevalence, a special type of prevalence defined as "the percentage of a given population who have a particular disease in a given population at a given point in time or over a particular time period." Statistics View further information on this RLO.
BMI measurement This resource will explore the process of BMI measurement within healthcare, the different methods available to calculate BMI and some of the issues that influence its measurement. Clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Case note review using the Trigger Tool To familiarise potential users of the Trigger Tool with identifying triggers and assigning levels of harm Clinical skills, Healthcare (general), Improvement View further information on this RLO.
Cell Division To identify the importance of cell division and briefly describe mitosis and meiosis. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Childhood obesity Examines the issue of childhood obesity from the perspectives of the biomedical, behavioural and socio-economic models of health Social Work, Sociology View further information on this RLO.
Chronic wound assessment This learning object outlines the principles of wound assessment and healing. Clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Clean your hands The University of Nottingham has produced a DVD aimed at patients, healthcare workers and hospital visitors, which is being shown on plasma screens and bedside televisions in wards. The video outlines the importance of hand hygiene, and the practical steps that everyone can take to reduce the chances of damaging infections, such as MRSA and clostridium dificile, being passed to patients by healthcare workers and visitors. It's aimed at patients, healthcare workers and hospital visitors, and will also be useful for health care students in preparation for practice. Clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Clinical impact of changes in drug clearance Examines some of the factors which affect total body clearance of a drug and how this, in turn, influences a drug's clinical impact. Biological processes, Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Clinical importance and receptor location within the cell This learning object illustrates the clinical importance of receptor location in relation to the speed of drug action in practice. Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Clinical Utility of Genetic Information Clinical Utility refers to the likelihood that genetic information will lead to an improved health outcome. Evaluating clinical utility involves defining issues that need to be considered with the introduction of genetic information into routine practice. Genetics View further information on this RLO.
Cohort and case-controlled studies This RLO explains what are case-control and cohort studies, and outlines the difference between them. EBP, Research methods View further information on this RLO.
Components of a Respiratory Assessment This rlo identifies the components of a respiratory assessment and briefly describe what happens at each stage in the assessment. Clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Concentration gradients This RLO describes the concept of concentration gradients in biological systems through analogy with gradients found in everyday life, and outlines passive and active transport across cell membranes. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Confidence intervals This RLO defines the term 'confidence intervals' and demonstrates how they can be used to determine the significance and range of possible sizes of a treatment effect. EBP View further information on this RLO.
Critical Reflection This resource is aimed primarily at students in healthcare practice to get them to reflect on their experiences and practice. The package explores the meaning and process of critical reflection, described by one author as "the process of looking back on what has been done and pondering on it and learning lessons from what did or did not work". The package has sections on areas such as Reflective Models (Gibbs, Johns, Driscoll), Self-assessment Tools, Practical Skills, and many other topics. Healthcare (general), Improvement, Practice learning and clinical skills, Study skills View further information on this RLO.
Cross-tabular data This RLO examines how survey or experimental data can be converted to cross tabular data, and the steps involved in this process. It also examines how to present it in a way that is useful for recognising patterns and representing graphically. Research, Research methods, Statistics View further information on this RLO.
Crossword - Introduction to Receptor Pharmacology This RLO uses a crossword to assess your knowledge about the different receptor types and how drugs interact with them. Pharmacology, Veterinary Science View further information on this RLO.
Descriptive statistics for interval and ratio scale data Describing the use of measures of central tendency - mean, mode, median - and dispersion - range, Standard Deviation. EBP, Statistics View further information on this RLO.
Designing a Questionnaire This RLO introduces good practice in questionnaire design, step by step. EBP, Research methods View further information on this RLO.
Determining the clinical importance of trial results This RLO demonstrates how to interpret and use clinical trial data (ARR, RRR, NNT, NNH, and confidence intervals) in practice. EBP View further information on this RLO.
DNA This resource looks at techniques for detecting, copying, and sequencing DNA, including hybridisation and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) Genetics View further information on this RLO.
Doctor/Patient Relations Understanding various facets of the doctor-patient relationship and factors that facilitate and impede the success of that relationship. The RLO uses video clips to illustrate four styles of doctor-patient scenarios. Clinical skills, Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Drug-receptor interaction Introduction to the interaction of cell receptors with drugs Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Dying in hospital This learning resource ' Dying in Hospital' addresses the topic of the hospital as a place of death for frail older people and is based on some research findings from an Alzheimer's Society funded research study. A linked resource 'Every death is Different' is also available. Healthcare (general), Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Dyma Steve Welsh Translation of "This is Steve" Mae'r adnodd dysgu ailddefnyddiadwy hwn yn dangos y math o wybodaeth y gallai rhywun ag anabledd dysgu fod eisiau i ofalwyr feddu arni cyn dod i ofalu amdanynt. Mae wedi ei ysgrifennu o safbwynt y defnyddiwr gwasanaeth gyda chymorth nyrs dan hyfforddiant. Mae'r adnodd hwn a mwy ar gael ar "Y Porth", sef llwyfan e-ddysgu cydweithredol y sector addysg uwch cyfrwng Cymraeg http://www.porth.ac.uk/cy/ Learning disabilities View further information on this RLO.
Dyslexia and Workplace Learning How dyslexia affects student nurses on placement and their mentors. Includes guidelines and strategies for mentors and students. Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Educational Journals This learning object introduces educational journals and describes three types: Academic, Professional and Subject. The examples used are drawn from the area of social work, but the concepts are cross-discipline. Study skills View further information on this RLO.
Elements that make up the human body Introducing the periodic table of elements, and identifying the major elements involved in the human body and their roles Biological processes, Chemistry View further information on this RLO.
Events of the Menstrual Cycle This RLO describes the timing and main events for each of the phases of the menstrual cycle. It concentrates on the main events occurring in the ovary and uterine wall during these phases Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Every death is different This learning resource 'Every death is Different' addresses the topic of the hospital as a place of death for frail older people and is based on some research findings from an Alzheimers Society funded research study. A linked resource ' Dying in Hospital' is also available. Clinical skills, Healthcare (general), Nursing, Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Exploring the synapse Describe the events during the transmission of an impulse across a synapse Biological processes, Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Food Hygiene This learning package is aimed at health care professionals whose role involves them in the preparation or delivery of food in a health care setting. The package will explore: The professional role in relation to food delivery, types of food contamination and their prevention, preventing the growth of microorganisms in or around food, safe storage and preparation of food in the health care setting and destroying microorganisms in and around food. Healthcare (general) View further information on this RLO.
Fy nhŷ i, fy hawliau i Welsh translation of: My House, My Rights. Mae'r pecyn hwn yn mynd ar daith ryngweithiol o amgylch tŷ unigolyn gydag anableddau dysgu. Ym mhob ystafell caiff y dysgwr ei herio gan rai o'r ffyrdd y caiff hawliau unigolion ag anableddau dysgu eu diystyru gan ddarparwyr gofal iechyd yn eu cartrefi eu hunain. Mae'r adnodd hwn a mwy ar gael ar "Y Porth", sef llwyfan e-ddysgu cydweithredol y sector addysg uwch cyfrwng Cymraeg. http://www.porth.ac.uk/cy/ Learning disabilities View further information on this RLO.
G-protein linked receptors This learning object explains how G - proteins function in communication messages from membrane-bound receptors. Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Gall rhywbeth bach wneud gwahaniaeth mawr Welsh translation of: Little things make a big difference. Mae'r adnodd dysgu ailddefnyddiadwy hwn yn seiliedig ar drafodaeth rhwng gweithiwr gofal iechyd a chleient gydag anableddau dysgu. Mae'n dangos pa mor bwysig yw hyd yn oed yr agweddau lleiaf ar gyfathrebu i greu trafodaeth gadarnhaol. Mae'r adnodd hwn a mwy ar gael ar "Y Porth", sef llwyfan e-ddysgu cydweithredol y sector addysg uwch cyfrwng Cymraeg http://www.porth.ac.uk/cy/ Learning disabilities View further information on this RLO.
Gateways to health A collection of 13 videos (Real Video format) with people talking about their chronic health problems: Healthcare (general), Public health View further information on this RLO.
Glomerular Filtration Pressure The RLO deals with the opposing forces within the glomerulus and the Bowmans capsule which together create the glomerular filtration pressure. The RLO builds on the Starlings Forces RLO by the same author and is intended to form the basis for a future RLO on glomerular filtration rate. This RLO was developed jointly with De Montfort University. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Glove use Explains the appropriate use of gloves in a clinical environment Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Half-life of drugs To understand the half-life of drugs and its relationship with volume of distribution and clearance. Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Hand Hygiene This learning object demonstrates, through streaming video clips, practical hand hygiene techniques for infection control in healthcare settings. There are also interactive self-assessment quizzes Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Heart Failure This RLO deals with the pathophysiology of heart failure, drug treatments, and nursing management. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Hello My Name is Tom This resource gives an insight into the world of a young person with an Autistic Spectrum disorder (ASD). It concentrates on interaction with Tom, a young person with ASD, within the school environment. The RLO was created by a learning disability nursing student based on his interaction with a number of individuals with ASD. This RLO won the 2009 Fiona Law prize for student-led innovation awarded by the National Network of Learning Disability Nursing. Learning disabilities View further information on this RLO.
Hiv for Nurses This resource looks at the Basics of HIV, transmission Routes, Antiretrovirals and Nursing Practice including real life experiences of people living with HIV whilst in inpatient settings. Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Home hazards Presents a reconstructed scene of a home visited by a health visitor; the student seeks areas of concern identified by the health visitor. Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Home Visiting This RLO outlines the significance of home visiting as an essential component in a programme of formal health care, and contains realistic exercises based on home interiors. Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Homeostasis Introduction to the principles of homeostasis. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
How ligand-gated ion channel receptors communicate messages This learning object explains how ligand-gated channel receptors signal messages. Biological processes, Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
How to conduct a literature search Practical examples of searching databases of journal articles (eg CINAHL, BNI), including screen movies of actual searches. EBP, Study skills View further information on this RLO.
Hydrogen Bonding Outlining the nature of the hydrogen bond, how it differs from other molecular bonds, and its importance in biological molecules, particularly proteins. Chemistry View further information on this RLO.
Identifying Specific Genetic Variants Related to Disease Susceptibility This resource looks at genetic factors affecting susceptibility to disease. Genetics View further information on this RLO.
Importance of Drug Receptor Location This the first Umbrella Learning Object (ULO) to be developed and contains the following Pharmacology RLO titles: Receptor location, Membrane Bound Receptors, Intracellular Receptors and Clinical importance and application. Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Importance of intracellular receptor location to the speed of drug action To explain how binding of a drug to an intracellular receptor influences cellular activity and how this relates to the timing of drug action. Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Importance of membrane bound receptors to the speed of drug action To determine the clinical importance of receptor location in determining the time of onset of drug effect. Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Improving Care This learning resource introduces the concept of improvement within health and social care. It shows how improvement may be initiated and evaluated. It also explains how improvement is everyone's concern, with small changes having the potential for large impact. Improvement View further information on this RLO.
Improving patient safety: SBAR This RLO introduces and demonstrates how to use an approved framework for clinical communication known as SBAR Clinical skills, Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Improving your practice This learning resource will help you to look at your own practice, to identify areas for improvement. It focuses on the importance of getting the measurement strategy right in order to show any effects of your improvement ideas. It also highlights how improving practice relates to your professional development and the knowledge and skills framework. Improvement View further information on this RLO.
Incidence An explanation of incidence as the measurement of disease frequency Research, Statistics View further information on this RLO.
Inflammatory response Describes the inflammatory response - a series of local cellular and vascular responses which are triggered when the body is injured or invaded by micro-organisms or antigen. Biological processes, Science basics View further information on this RLO.
Informed consent Consent is a basic component of many types of every day encounter - but it is particularly relevant to the interaction between an individual and a healthcare professional (or someone acting on their behalf). This is because without consent many actions that are an integral part of healthcare, such as medical examination or treatment, are unlawful. Healthcare (general), Research View further information on this RLO.
International classification of function International Classification of Function (ICF) is akin to the International Classification of Disease (ICD) used to classify diseases and mortality, but concentrates on health and combines psychosocial as well as biological theory. The two are interrelated and complimentary. Sociology View further information on this RLO.
Intracellular and Extracellular buffers This RLO outlines the main intracellular and extracellular buffering systems within the body and shows how trhe carbonic acid buffering system can be assessed Clinical skills, Science basics View further information on this RLO.
Intramuscular injection by the Z track technique Intramuscular injection by the Z track technique explains and demonstrates a safe technique for administering an intra-muscular injection. Clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Intramuscular Injection sites (for adults) Intramuscular Injection sites (for adults) is designed to help you correctly identify which muscles may be used to safely administer intramuscular injections. Clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Intramuscular injections This learning resource is an example of a Umbrella learning object(ULO), and contains a series of learning objects developed by the Clinical Skills - Injections mini-project team based here at the University of Nottingham. Clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Introducing Metabolism This learning resource looks at anabolic and catabolic metabolism. It describes the metabolic fate of energy substrates within the body and the relationships between subunits, storage and breakdown. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Introduction to drug clearance Provides a definition of clearance and a basic explanation of the processes Biological processes, Pharmacology, Science basics View further information on this RLO.
Introduction to Nociception This learning object helps the learner to describe the main components of the nociceptive pathways. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Introduction to portfolios and their uses To identify what a portfolio is, why they are used and to identify some pieces of material that may be used to support claims for learning and development. Study skills View further information on this RLO.
Involving service users and carers in your teaching Service users, carers and patients are increasingly involved in the education of health and social care professionals - just as their involvement is increasingly built in to the running of health and social care services. This learning package concentrates on preparation and practical issues for involving people with teaching and speaking to students. Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Keeping physically active This RLO describes practical measures to build exercise into your daily routine. Part of the PAVE (Physical Activity Virtual Education) project. Healthcare (general), Healthy Living, Mental Health View further information on this RLO.
Kidney Anatomy Introduction to the external and internal anatomy of the kidney. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Kidney Physiology Introduction to the physiology of the kidney, examining the processes by which the kidneys filter blood, control body pH and eliminate the waste products of metabolism from the body. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Kinase-linked receptors This learning resource explains the mechanism and action of kinase-linked receptors. It has been designed to work easily with the Core tool, an application currently under development. The Core tool will enable tutors to collect, organise and aggregate various resources and package them as one learning object. Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Levels of Measurement To understand the different levels of measurement and the arithmetic operations that can be performed on them EBP, Research methods, Statistics View further information on this RLO.
Levels of Measurement: what you can and can't do arithmetically An explanation of the statistical operations that can be performed on the different levels of measurement. EBP, Statistics View further information on this RLO.
Little Things Make a Big Difference This RLO is based around an interaction between a healthcare professional and a client with learning disabilities. It shows how important even small aspects of communication are in formulating a positive interaction. Learning disabilities View further information on this RLO.
Liver Anatomy Introduction to the external and internal anatomy of the liver. Anatomy, Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Liver Physiology Introduction to the physiology of the liver, examining its role in filtering blood, metabolism, nutrient extraction and homeostasis. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Lock and Key Hypothesis Introducing the "lock and key" analogy of drug-receptor interaction, whereby only drugs of a certain molecular shape will 'fit' with a cell membrane receptor. Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Measurement and identification of levels of alcohol consumption This learning resource will increase knowledge and understanding of how alcohol is measured and how levels of alcohol consumption can be quantified using an identification tool. Healthcare (general), Healthy Living View further information on this RLO.
Measuring peak flow This learning resource explains how to use peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) to measure respiratory function. Clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Meiosis: an interactive demonstration This is an interactive demonstration of the stages of cell mitosis. You can view the whole process in one continuous animation, or view the invidual stages one by one. This learning object is part of the Cell Division RLO, where it appears as a popup on the Meiosis page. There's also an interactive demonstration of Mitosis available. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Mentoring: Shaping practice Mentoring is an umbrella term which encompasses the activity of developing the learning of others. This RLO aims to support mentors develop and review their knowledge, understanding and skill base. It can also be used by students to develop their understanding of the mentoring role. Practice learning and clinical skills, Study skills View further information on this RLO.
Meta-analysis This RLO provides an introduction to the basic concepts of meta-analysis, which is an important and valuable tool for summarising data from multiple studies. EBP, Research methods View further information on this RLO.
Midwife's abdominal examination in the antenatal period This RLO demonstrates how to perform the midwife's examination of the abdomen in the antenatal period. It includes video clips of an abdominal examination, and references to professional (NMC) and NICE guidelines where appropriate. Midwifery View further information on this RLO.
Mitosis: an interactive demonstration This is an interactive demonstration of the stages of cell mitosis. You can view the whole process in one continuous animation, or view the invidual stages one by one. This learning object is part of the Cell Division RLO, where it appears as a popup on the Mitosis page. There's also a demonstration of Meiosis available. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Moral Theories The term 'ethics' broadly describes the way in which we look at and understand life, in terms of good and bad or right and wrong. Moral theories are the frameworks we use to justify or clarify our position when we ask ourselves "what should I do in this situation?" or "what is right or wrong for me?" Clinical skills, Healthcare (general) View further information on this RLO.
Moving and handling in emergency situations This RLO introduces students to the principles and practice associated with moving a patient/client in an emergency situation, by revising and applying the principles of moving and handling to such scenarios Clinical skills, Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Moving and handling: application of principles This RLO explains the importance of applying good moving and handling principles. It describes the basic anatomy, physiology and functions of the spine and the effects of age/cumulative stress changes and their relevance to moving and handling. Clinical skills, Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
My House, My Rights This package takes an interactive journey through the house of an individual with learning disabilities. In each room the learner is challenged by some of the ways that the rights of individuals with LD are often disregarded by HCPs within their own homes. Learning disabilities View further information on this RLO.
Navigating NHS services This RLO provides an introduction to NHS services for international students. Healthcare (general) View further information on this RLO.
Numbers needed to treat and numbers needed to harm This RLO considers how to measure and interpret the magnitude of effect in clinical trial results using number needed to treat (NNT) and number needed to harm (NNH). EBP View further information on this RLO.
Osmosis and Diffusion Explaining the difference between the processes of diffusion and osmosis, and introducing the concepts of concentration gradients and tonicity. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Our Child This e-learning package is designed to empower parents who have a child with Down's syndrome and who are facing congenital heart surgery. It also takes parents and professionals on a journey through one family's story from diagnosis, surgery to living life to the full. Audio-visual, Learning disabilities, Nursing View further information on this RLO.
Pain Pathways ULO This learning object describes the main components of the nociceptive pathways. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Parsons' Sick Role The concept, sources, criticisms and strengths of the sick role as developed by Talcott Parsons. Sociology View further information on this RLO.
Participant and non-participant observation - making the right choice This RLO looks at Participant and non-participant observation and helps the learner to make the right choice. Research, Research methods View further information on this RLO.
Patents This resource examines the topic of patents, of particular relevance to medicine and pharmacology. A patent is a legal title that provides an inventor exclusive property rights to their invention for the length of the patent period. Healthcare (general), Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Penetrance This resource examines the concept of penetrance, which is the probability that a person carrying a disease-associated genotype will develop the disease within a given time period. Research, Statistics View further information on this RLO.
Perception of pain The Perception of pain learning resource is one of a series of objects which have been developed for the Pain pathways project. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Personal Protective Equipment Examines when and how to use personal protective equipment in a healthcare setting. Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Pharmacogenetics Pharmacogenetics refers to the study of genetic influences on an individual's response to drugs. In pharmacogenetics, the analysis of a specific gene, or group of genes, may be used to predict responses to a specific drug or class of drugs. Genetics, Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic influences of aminoglycoside dosing Examines how the absorbtion and distribution of aminoglycosides within the body affects the dosing regimens used. Biological processes, Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Physical activity and health This RLO outlines the importance physical and mental health benefits to the individual of physical exercise. The second RLO in this series describes practical measures to build exercise into your daily routine. Part of the PAVE (Physical Activity Virtual Education) project. Healthcare (general), Healthy Living View further information on this RLO.
Planning for improvement This learning resource focuses on identification of potential improvements, by focusing on the patient journey. It outlines the need to understand the system and processes involved and challenges the learners to think about the potential impact of any change and all of the people it is likely to affect. E-Learning, Improvement View further information on this RLO.
Plasma Proteins and Drug Distribution Examing the role of plasma proteins in the blood in the distribution and elimination of drugs in the body. Biological processes, Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Positive and negative predictive value of diagnostic tests This RLO explains how diagnostic test results are a combination of true and false positive, or true and false negative. EBP View further information on this RLO.
Power and sample size An introduction to type I and type II errors with an interactive simulation to show the dynamic effects of variables on the power of the study Statistics View further information on this RLO.
PPIVMs of the cervical spine A short introduction to the concept of manual therapy for the cervical spine for Physiotherapy undergraduate students. Physiotherapy, Physiotherapy Manual therapy skills View further information on this RLO.
Presenting and interpreting meta-analyses How to present and interpret the results of a meta-analysis using forest plots. EBP View further information on this RLO.
Pressure Introducing basic concepts of physical pressure, with particular reference to the role of pressure in healthcare situations. Science basics View further information on this RLO.
Prevalence An explanation of prevalence as the measurement of a situation at one time Statistics View further information on this RLO.
Probability associated with inferential statistics An introduction to probability, and the probability of sample errors affecting research results. EBP, Statistics View further information on this RLO.
Prokaryotes and eukaryotes This RLO describes the characteristics of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Science basics View further information on this RLO.
Qualitative and quantitative research Outlining the distinction between qualitative and quantitative methods of doing research. EBP, Research methods View further information on this RLO.
Qualitative Data Analysis The aim of this Reusable Learning Object (RLO) is to give you an idea of how qualitative data analysis is done. It's aimed at students studying evidence based practice or research methods, with a basic understanding of what qualitative research is. EBP, Research methods View further information on this RLO.
Receptor location and the speed of drug action To explain how cellular receptor location influences the speed of drug action. Biological processes, Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Referencing Books using Harvard This resource outlines the information that is required to accurately reference a book for the Harvard referencing scheme. It also outlines where that information can be found within a book. EBP, Study skills View further information on this RLO.
Referencing Journals using Harvard This resources outlines the information that is required to accurately reference a journal article for the Harvard referencing scheme. It also outlines where that information can be found within a printed journal. EBP, Study skills View further information on this RLO.
Referencing websites using Harvard This resource outlines the information that is required to accurately reference a website for the Harvard referencing scheme. It also outlines where that information can be found within a website. Study skills View further information on this RLO.
Referencing your work with Harvard Introduction to the Harvard style of literature referencing, incorporating an interactive referencing tool for students. Study skills View further information on this RLO.
Reflective Writing Tools This resource has been developed to help students understand self help reflection. Learning disabilities, Learning Skills, Study skills View further information on this RLO.
Relationship between incidence and prevalence An explanation of the relationship between incidence and prevalence with an interactive example Statistics View further information on this RLO.
Relative risk reduction and absolute risk reduction This RLO considers how to measure and interpret the magnitude of effect in clinical trial results using relative risk reduction (RRR) and absolute risk reduction (ARR). EBP View further information on this RLO.
Respiratory ventilation: anatomy and mechanics Presents the purpose of ventilation, the anatomical parts involved, and the muscular activity that enables ventilation to take place at rest. Anatomy, Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Responses to Sexuality This RLO is based on a scenario which involves the expressions of sexuality by John, a man with learning disabilities. It looks at John's responses, views and feelings and compares them with those of his health care worker. It challenges the learner to review their own views to these issues. Learning disabilities View further information on this RLO.
Safeguarding Vulnerable People A collection of resources that support you in your professional development with regard to 'Safeguarding vulnerable People'. Nursing, Public health View further information on this RLO.
Safer Urinary Catheter Care This resource is designed to help healthcare professionals understand the dangers associated with urinary catheters and the correct ways in which to care for them to help prevent infection. The resource uses video clips and interactive elements as well as text. Biological processes, Clinical skills, Nursing View further information on this RLO.
Search strategy for locating Randomised Controlled Trials Introduction to search strategies for locating randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in online databases. EBP View further information on this RLO.
Sensitivity and Specificity This RLO explains how diagnostic test accuracy is described by the terms sensitivity and specificity. Sensitivity describes the accuracy of the test in detecting disease. Specificity describes the accuracy of the test in detecting health. EBP View further information on this RLO.
Should Sarah smack her child? This RLO explores the ethical dimension and different views surrounding the use of mild smacking as a means of punishment. Should Sarah smack her child? This RLO introduces you to a range of stakeholders with differing viewpoints and allows you to record your own responses to their opinions. Education, Sociology View further information on this RLO.
SI Units and calculating unit changes To identify what SI units are, when they are used, and how to calculate unit changes. EBP, Practice learning and clinical skills, Science basics View further information on this RLO.
Skin preparation prior to intramuscular and subcutaneous injections To gain an understanding of the issues associated with skin preparation for intramuscular and subcutaneous injections. Clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Social class Understanding the concept of social class, how it is modelled and some of the healthcare problems attached Healthcare (general), Healthy Living, Public health, Social Work, Sociology View further information on this RLO.
Solutions and Electrolytes Examining the mechanisms of chemical solution and how solvents work, and the roles of ions and electrolytes in chemical activity within the body. Chemistry View further information on this RLO.
Starling's Forces An examination of the roles of hydrostatic and oncotic pressure in movement of fluid and gases across the capillary wall. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Steps in conducting a systematic review This RLO outlines the five fundamental steps to conducting a systematic review of health care research so as identify, select and critically appraise relevant research. EBP View further information on this RLO.
Structure of the Atom An introduction to basic atomic structure Chemistry, Science basics View further information on this RLO.
Structures of the brain This learning resource allows the learner to label a diagram of the brain and is aimed at identification of the major areas of the brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, medulla, pons, midbrain, thalamus, hyporthalamus and pituitary gland). Once correctly labelled, the learner can access information about these structures. Additional interactions allow the learner to explore the diagram to discover the structures for themselves, whilst an MCQ allows them to test their knowledge. Anatomy View further information on this RLO.
Subcutaneous injection sites To gain an understanding of the issues associated with Subcutaneous injection sites. Clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Subcutaneous injection techniques To gain an understanding of the issues associated with Subcutaneous injection techniques. Clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Surrogate Outcomes This RLO considers the type of evidence which should be used when making decisions about patient care. EBP View further information on this RLO.
Targets for Drug Actions This RLO explains the four major targets at which drugs act, namely receptors, ion channels, carriers and enzymes Pharmacology, Veterinary Science View further information on this RLO.
The Black Report and Inequalities in Health This RLO examines the findings and implications of the Black Repor. This was a 1980 document published by the the Department of Health and Social Security in the United Kingdom, which was the report of the expert committee into health inequality chaired by Sir Douglas Black. It was demonstrated that although overall health had improved since the introduction of the welfare state, there were widespread health inequalities. Healthcare (general), Healthy Living, Social Work, Sociology View further information on this RLO.
The Kidneys and Drug Excretion The role of the kidneys in the excretion of drugs. Biological processes, Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
The Liver and drug metabolism The role of the liver in the metabolism of drugs. Biological processes, Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
This is Steve This RLO shows the sort of information that someone with a learning disability might want carers to know before they come to care for them. It is written from the perspective of a service user with the help of a student nurse. Learning disabilities View further information on this RLO.
Tissue Fluid Formation This RLO describes the distribution of fluids within the body and describes the forces involved in the circulation of fluids between the capillary and tissue compartments. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Transduction of pain The Transduction of pain learning resource is part of a series of objects being developed for the nociceptive pathways project. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Transmission of pain The Transmission of pain learning resource is part of a series of objects being developed for the nociceptive pathways project. Biological processes View further information on this RLO.
Types of qualitative research This RLO outlines the variety of types of qualitative research that there are. It's aimed primarily at students studying evidence based practice and research methods. EBP, Research methods View further information on this RLO.
Understanding Dyslexia: an Introduction An introduction to dyslexia, outlining both positive and negative aspects. Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Understanding First Pass Metabolism Description of first pass metabolism of orally-administered drugs in the liver and gastrointestinal tract Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
Understanding Midwifery within the UK This RLO provides an overview of midwifery education and career pathways in the UK, including an introduction to the diversity of midwifery roles. Midwifery View further information on this RLO.
Understanding Nursing within the UK This RLO provides an overview of nursing education and career pathways in the UK, including an introduction to the main nursing roles. Education, Healthcare (general), Nursing, Practice learning and clinical skills View further information on this RLO.
Understanding Physiotherapy within the UK This RLO provides an overview of physiotherapy education and career pathways in the UK, including an introduction to the main physiotherapy roles. Physiotherapy View further information on this RLO.
Understanding the Trigger Tool To give an overview of how and why the Trigger Tool is used to measure the rate of harm within a healthcare organisation Clinical skills, Healthcare (general), Improvement View further information on this RLO.
Using databases to find journal articles An introduction to online databases of journals relevant to nurses (eg CINAHL, BNI). EBP, Study skills View further information on this RLO.
Using Twin and Adoption Studies This resource examines the use of twins and adopted children in research into the genetic predisposition to disease. Research View further information on this RLO.
Volume of distribution Explains the pharmacological concept of Volume of Distribution, and how it is calculated. Biological processes, Pharmacology View further information on this RLO.
What are Journals? This learning object introduces educational journals and describes three types: Academic, Professional and Subject. The examples used are drawn from the area of nursing, but the concepts are cross-discipline. EBP, Study skills View further information on this RLO.
What is a randomised controlled trial? This RLO outlines how Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs) work. EBP, Research methods View further information on this RLO.
What is Evidence Based Practice? This RLO introduces the concept of evidence based practice and explains, in outline, how evidence based practice is done. EBP, Research methods View further information on this RLO.
What is referencing? This RLO outlines the importance of referencing and how to refer to the work of others appropriately. Interactive tasks illustrate the range of materials that can be referenced and examples of plagiarism. Study skills View further information on this RLO.
Why critique research? Why published research needs to be appraised by readers. EBP, Research methods View further information on this RLO.
Why do we need confidentiality? Confidentiality is an important principle in health and social care because it functions to impose a boundary on the amount of personal information and data that can be disclosed without consent. Clinical skills, Healthcare (general) View further information on this RLO.
Ymateb i fynegiant o rywioldeb1 This is a Welsh translation of "Responses to Expressions of Sexuality." Mae'r adnodd dysgu ailddefnyddiadwy hwn yn seiliedig ar senario am y ffyrdd y mae John, dyn gydag anableddau dysgu, yn mynegi ei rywioldeb. Mae'n edrych ar ymateb, barn a theimladau John ac yn eu cymharu gydag ymateb, barn a theimladau ei weithiwr gofal iechyd. Mae'n herio'r dysgwr i ystyried ei farn ei hun am y materion hyn. Mae'r adnodd hwn a mwy ar gael ar "Y Porth", sef llwyfan e-ddysgu cydweithredol y sector addysg uwch cyfrwng Cymraeg. http://www.porth.ac.uk/cy/ Learning disabilities View further information on this RLO.

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Learning Objects for Healthcare by the School of Health Sciences, University of Nottingham is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.